2月7日,中共前衛生部副部長,活摘器官的直接參與人黃潔夫在梵蒂岡「反對器官販賣全球峰會」上發言,欲使國際醫療界相信,中共2015年宣佈停止使用死刑犯器官後,一直在改善其移植操作。他的僅僅提供了兩張幻燈片的辯解,遭到許多與會者的懷疑與詰問。多名與會者要求中共允許獨立檢查團對其器官移植活動進行檢查和監督,以確保中國不再出現使用死刑犯器官的情況。與會者之一,以色列器官移植協會主席雅各・拉維(Jacob Lavee)當即作出回應。全文翻譯如下:

在黃潔夫發言後的回應

在介紹中國所謂的器官捐贈、分配和移植改革時,我謹簡要提請大家注意以下幾點:

1. 如果不能做到完全透明,就不可能核查(黃)聲稱的改革是否存在,即停止使用死刑犯的器官。現在並沒有新的法律或法規禁止使用死刑犯器官,1984年條例至今仍然有效,其中允許使用囚犯器官的內容並沒有被廢除。註冊管理機構不接受公眾的監督或獨立檢查,器官移植的數量仍然不可思議的巨大,富裕的外國人只要提前預約,目前仍然可以接受肝臟和心臟移植手術。

2.「死刑犯」這一術語掩蓋了通過中國刑事司法系統被判處死刑的人(根據法律,必須在7天內執行)和在司法之外被處決的良心犯之間的區別。幾位獨立調查員認為,大多數器官來自沒有經過正當程序而被處決的良心犯。在與中國官員的討論中不會提到這種器官的來源,因為討論這個問題被(中共)稱為「捏造證據」來「妖魔化中國」。但是,針對按照需求殺害無辜人這一事,如果不能貫徹誠實的原則並落實問責制,就無法保證在倫理問題上進行實際的改革。

3. 我們需要一個合適的國際機構,對中國器官移植業進行獨立調查,這個機構應有權在未事先通知的情況下造訪捐獻器官者的家庭並和他們談話。

4. 我們需要看到有關中國新法律改革的證據,包括廢除1984年允許使用囚犯器官的規定。那些犯有強制活摘器官罪行或犯有同謀罪的人,必須提交司法部門處置。

5. 最後,歡迎大家閱讀今天在《英國醫學雜誌》上發表的對於此問題的編輯部文章。

(英文原文附後)
Remarks following JH presentation

Following the presentation of the Chinese alleged reform in organ donation, allocation and transplantation, I wish to briefly draw your attention to the following points:

1. Without full transparency, verification of the alleged reform, which claims halt of the use of organs from executed prisoners, is impossible. There is no new law or regulation banning the use of executed prisoner organs. Nor have the still existing 1984 regulations permitting the use of prisoners’ organs been rescinded. The registries are not open to public scrutiny or independent verification and inexplicably high volumes of transplantation continue to take place, and wealthy foreigners can still obtain liver and heart transplants, booked in advance.

2. The term ‘executed prisoners’ obscures the distinction between individuals sentenced to death by the Chinese criminal justice system (who, by law, must be executed within seven days), and prisoners of conscience killed extra judicially. Several independent researchers believe that the majority of organs come from prisoners of conscience who are executed without due process. This source of organs is excluded from discussion with Chinese officials, because discussing the matter is labeled “demonizing China” with “fabricated evidence.” As long as there is no honesty and accountability for what took place – the killing of innocents on demand – there can be no guarantee of actual ethical reform.

3. We need independent scrutiny of Chinese practice by an appropriate international body with the power to perform unscheduled visits and interview donor families.

4. We need evidence of the new Chinese legal reform, including abolishment of the 1984 regulations permitting the use of prisoner organs, and those who have committed crimes or been complicit in forced organ harvesting must be brought to account.

5. Finally, I welcome you to read an editorial on these issues published today online in the British Medical Journal.

Jacob Lavee, MD
President, Israel Transplantation Society

Professor of Surgery
Director, Heart Transplantation Unit
Deputy Director, Department of Cardiac Surgery
Leviev Heart Center
Sheba Medical Center
Tel Hashomer 526051
Sackler Faculty of Medicine
Tel Aviv University
Israel